Alan Turing was born June 23 1912 in London. In primary school he was seen to be incredibly intelligent and described by one of his teachers as a genius. In 1931 Turing attended the university of Cambridge to study mathematics, Turing graduated in 1934 with a first class honours degree and was elected a Fellow of King's College in recognition of his research in probability theory. In 1936 Turing wrote "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem (Decision Problem)" (the Decision Problem was an attempt of finding an algorithm that could answer yes or no to a question), which Alonzo Church (a mathematical logician) recommmended be published. Later in 1936 Turing went to Princeton University to get a Ph.D in mathematical logic which he completed in 1938.